Article 1 Definition

In these Conditions, except where the context otherwise requires or where it is otherwise expressly provided, the definitions of the following expressions in Tianjin Airlines Co., Ltd. General Conditions of International Carriage for Passenger and Baggage (hereinafter referred to as the Conditions) are as follows:

"Convention" means whichever of the following instruments are applicable:

The Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air, signed at Warsaw, 12 October 1929 (hereinafter referred to as the Warsaw Convention);

The Warsaw Convention as amended at The Hague on 28 September 1955 (hereinafter referred to as the Hague Protocol);

The Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999 (hereinafter referred to as the Montreal Convention).


"International Carriage" means, transportation in which, according to the contract of carriage concluded by the parties, either the place of departure or the destination or an Agreed Stopping Place, whether or not there is a break in the transportation, is not situated in the People's Republic of China.

"Carrier" means the public air transportation corporation, who fills and issues tickets, transports or commits to transport the passengers listed in the tickets and their baggage.

"Code Shares or Code Share flights" means a carrier uses its flight number on the other operating carrier's aircraft or many airlines using their unique flight number on the same aircraft through agreements.

"Contracting Carrier" means a carrier, which concludes a contract on its behalf with the passenger or an agent of the passenger.

"Operating Carrier" means a carrier, who performs the whole or part of the transportation contract authorized by Contracting Carrier.

"Validating Carrier" means an air carrier,whose Airline Designator Code appears on the Coupon.

"Tianjin Airlines" means an abbreviation of Tianjin Airlines Co., Ltd.

"Tianjin Airlines' Regulations" means these regulations, which will be in effect for both sides once the ticket is issued, are legally formulated and released by Tianjin Airlines for the purpose of sufficient supervision of its passenger and baggage transportation. Effective applicable ticket fares and conditions are included.

"Authorized Sales Agent" means a passenger sales agent who has been appointed by the carrier to represent the carrier in the sale of air transportation.

"Authorized Ground Service Agent" means a ground service agent who has been appointed by Tianjin Airlines to provide ground services for Tianjin Airlines' flights.。

"Passenger" means any person, except members of the crew, carried or to be carried in an aircraft pursuant to a Ticket.

"Children" means any person whose age is above two (2) years and below twelve (12) years on the date of commencement of travel.

"Infant" means any person whose age is above fourteen (14) days and below two (2) years on the date of commencement of travel.

"Ticket" means the document sold or approved by carrier or authorized agent and entitled, including paper tickets and electronic tickets. A paper ticket is the so called certificate of the "ticket" and baggage check, which is issued by Carrier or its authorized agent. A paper ticket contains conditions of contract of transport, statement, notice and flight coupon and passenger coupon. An electronic ticket is the replacement of an ordinary paper ticket.

"Electronic Ticket" means a replacement of the paper ticket. The information on paper tickets is stored in the system database in the form of electronic data, which is shown as the ticket form of sale, account and transportation.

"Electronic Ticket Itinerary" means a paper document that contains the information of passenger's name, routes and price, etc.

"Conjunction Ticket" means a ticket issued to a passenger in conjunction with another ticket which together constitute a single contract of carriage.

"Passenger Coupon" means that portion of the Paper Ticket, which is so marked and which ultimately is to be retained by the passenger.

"Flight Coupon" means that portion of the Paper Ticket that bears the notation "good for passage", indicating this flight coupon is used to the transportation between two appointed places.

"Days" means calendar days, including all seven days of the week; provided that, for the purpose of notification, the day upon which notice is dispatched shall not be counted; and provided further that for purposes of determining duration of validity of a Ticket, the day upon which the Ticket is issued, or the day upon which the flight commenced, shall not be counted.

"Baggage" means such articles, effects and other personal property of a passenger as are necessary or appropriate for his wear, use, comfort or convenience in connection with the trip. Unless otherwise specified, it shall include both checked and unchecked baggage (carry-on) of the passenger.

"Checked Baggage" means Baggage of which the carrier takes sole custody and for which carrier has issued a baggage check.

"Unchecked Baggage" means any baggage of the passenger which the passenger takes sole custody other than checked baggage, also referred to as "carry on baggage."

"Baggage Tag" means the remarks to distinguish the baggage and the document for the passenger to receive checked baggage.

"Baggage Check" means those portions of the ticket which relate to the carriage of passenger's checked baggage.

"Excess Baggage" means the portion of baggage which exceeds the free baggage allowance calculated by weight or piece.

"Agreed Stopping Places" means those places, except the place of departure and the place of destination, set out in the Ticket or shown in carrier' timetables as scheduled stopping places on the passenger's route.

"Stopover" means a deliberate interruption of the journey by the passenger, at a point between the place of departure and the place of destination, which has been agreed to in advance by Carrier.

"Damage" means passenger bodily injury or death, damage sustained and caused in or related to the transportation and the loss, damage to or destruction of Checked Baggage and other damages.

"French Gold Francs" means francs consisting of 65½ milligrams of gold with a fineness of nine hundred thousandths. This amount of money can be converted into any currency of the country in round numbers.

"Normal Fare" means the highest fare established for a first, business or economy class service during the period of applicability, including the corresponding fare of the children ticket and infant ticket.

"Special Fare" means a fare other than the normal fare.

"SDR" means a Special Drawing Right as defined by the International Monetary Fund.